Inventions and Discoveries

Inventions and Discoveries

Invention  : Inventor; Year; Country

Adhesive tape, Scotch

     :  Richard Drew; 1930; USA

Aeroplane

     :  Orville & Wilbur Wright; 1903; USA

Air conditioning

     :  Carrier; 1902; USA

Atomic bomb

     :  J Robert Oppenheimer; 1945; USA

automatic rifle

     :  John Browning; 1918; USA

ballpoint pen

     :  John J loud; 1888; USA

bifocal lens

     :  Benjamin Franklin; 1780; USA

burglar alarms

     :  Edwin T. Holmes; 1858; USA

camera, Kodak

     :  Walker Eastman; 1888; USA

Cloning, DNA

     :  Herbert W. Boyer, Stanley N. Cohen, and Paul Berg,; 1973; USA

Compact disc

     :  RCA; 1972; USA

Crossword puzzle

     :  Arthur Wynne; 1913; USA

Electric flat iron

     :  H.W. Seeley; 1882; USA

Electric lamp

     :  Thomas Alva Edison; 1879; USA

Electric motor (AC)

     :  Nikola Tesla; 1888; USA

Electric iron

     :  Henry W.Seely; 1882; USA

Electric washing machine

     :  Alva J Fisher; 1906; USA

Film (musical sound)

     :  Dr Le de forest; 1923; USA

Floppy disk

     :  IBM; 1970; USA

Frequency modulation

     :  EH Armstrong; 1933; USA

Frisbee

     :  Walter Frederick Morrison; 1948; USA

Fountain pen

     :  Lewis E. Waterman; 1884; USA

Gramophone

     :  Thomas Alva Edison; 1878; USA

Hydrogen bomb

     :  Edward Teller; 1952; USA

Laser

     :  Theodore Maiman; 1960; USA

Lift (mechanical)

     :  Elisha G Otis; 1852; USA

Lightning conductor

     :  Benjamin Franklin; 1752; USA

Microphone

     :  Alexander Graham Bell; 1876; USA

Microprocessor

     :  Robert Noyce & Gordon Moore; 1971; USA

Microwave oven

     :  Percy LeBaron Spencer; 1947; USA

Movie projector

     :  Thomas Alva Edison; 1593; USA

MRI

     :  Raymond Damadian; 1971; USA

Neutron bomb

     :  Samuel Cohan; 1958; USA

Nylon

     :  Dr Wallace H Carothers; 1937; USA

Photocopier

     :  Chester Carlson; 1938; USA

Photo film, celluloid

     :  Reichenbach; 1893; USA

Photo film, transparent

     :  George Eastman; 1884; USA

Photography (on film)

     :  John Carbutt; 1888; USA

Pistol, revolver

     :  Samuel Colt; 1836; USA

Plutonium fission

     :  Kennedy, whal,Seaborg,Segre; 1940; USA

Pop-up toaster

     :  Charles Strite; 1927; USA

Printing (rotary)

     :  Richard Hoe; 1846; USA

Printing (Web)

     :  William Bullock; 1865; USA

Radar

     :  AH Taylor and Leo C Young; 1922; USA

Radiocarbon dating

     :  Willard Libby; 1947; USA

Radio telegraphy

     :  Dr Mohlon Loomis; 1864; USA

Razor (electric)

     :  Col Jacob Schick; 1931; USA

Razor (safety)

     :  King C Gillette; 1895; USA

Refrigerator

     :  James Harrison, Alexandre catlin; 1850; USA

Rubber (Vulcanised)

     :  Charles Goodyear; 1841; USA

Safety pin

     :  Walter Hunt; 1849; USA

Safety razor

     :  King camp Gillette; 1903; USA

Self-starter

     :  Charles F Kettering; 1911; USA

Skyscraper

     :  W Le Baron Jenny; 1882; USA

Submarine

     :  David Bushnell; 1776; USA

Super Computer

     :  J.H Van Tassel; 1976; USA

Synthesiser

     :  Moog; 1964; USA

Telegraph code

     :  Samuel FB Morse; 1837; USA

Telephone, cellular

     :  Bell Labs; 1947; USA

Telephone (perfected)

     :  Alexander Graham Bell; 1876; USA

Television (electronic)

     :  P.T Farnsworth; 1927; USA

Transistor

     :  Bardeen, Shockley & Brattain; 1948; USA

Uranium fission, atomic reactor

     :  Szilard Fermi; 1942; USA

Vacuum cleaner

     :  Spangler; 1907; USA

Videotape

     :  Charles Ginsberg; 1956; USA

Washing machine(elec)

     :  Hurley Machine co; 1907; USA

Welder (electric)

     :  Elisha Thomson; 1877; USA

Zip Fastener

     :  W.L Judson; 1891; USA

Cloning, mammal

     :  Ian Wilmut's; 1996; UK

Velcro(hook-and-loop-fastner)

     :  Geprges de Mestral; 1948; Switzerland

Seatbelt

     :  Volvo engineer Nils Bohlin ; 1959; Sweden

Periodic table

     :  Mendeleyev; 1869; Russia

Aerosol spray

     :  Erik Rotheim; 1926; Norway

Proton

     :  Rutherford; 1919; New Zealand

Artificial heart

     :  William Kolff; 1957; Netherlands

Microscope

     :  Z.Janssen; 1590; Netherlands

Telescope

     :  Hans Lippershey; 1608; Netherlands

Compact disc player

     :  Sony, Philips co; 1979; Japan, Netherlands

Cassette videotape

     :  Sony; 1969; Japan

barometer

     :  Evangelista Torricelli; 1644; Italy

battery(electric)

     :  Alessandro Volta; 1800; Italy

Electroplating

     :  Luigi Brugnatelli; 1805; Italy

Piano

     :  Cristofori; 1709; Italy

Radio telegraphy (trans Atlantic)

     :  G Marconi; 1901; Italy

Watch

     :  Bartholomew Manfredi; 1462; Italy

Wireless (telegraph the)

     :  G Marconi; 1896; Italy

Cassette, Audio

     :  Philips company ; 1963; Holland

Disc, video

     :  Phillips company; 1972; Holland

Aeroplane, jet engine

     :  Hans von Ohain; 1939; Germany

ballistic missile

     :  Wernher von Braun; 1944; Germany

Bunsen Burner

     :  Robert Wilhelm Bunsen:; 1855; Germany

car(Petrol)

     :  Karl Benz; 1888; Germany

Carburetor

     :  Gottlieb Daimler; 1876; Germany

Chemotherapy

     :  Ehrlich; 1909; Germany

Diesel engine

     :  Rudolf Diesel; 1895; Germany

Film (talking)

     :  J. Engl, J.Mussolle & H Vogt; 1922; Germany

Microscopes, elect

     :  Ernst Ruska, Max Knoll; 1931; Germany

Motorcycle

     :  Gottlieb Daimler; 1885; Germany

Optical fiber

     :  Narinder Singh Kapany; 1955; Germany

Photoelectric cell

     :  Julius Elster, Hans F Geitel; 1893; Germany

Printing press

     :  Johann Gutenberg; 1455; Germany

Quantum theory

     :  Max Planck ; 1900; Germany

Relativity theory

     :  Einstein; 1905; Germany

x-ray

     :  W.K Roentgen; 1895; Geremany

Stethoscope

     :  Laennec; 1819; French

Adding machine

     :  Pascal; 1642; France

Airship(non-rigid)

     :  Henri Giffard; 1852; France

balloon

     :  Jacques & Joseph Montgolfier; 1783; France

canned food

     :  Nicolas Appert; 1804; France

Car(Steam)

     :  Nicolas Cugnot; 1769; France

Cinema

     :  Nicolas and Jean Lumiere; 1895; France

Film (moving outlines)

     :  Louise Prince; 1885; France

Galvanometer

     :  Andre-Marie Ampere; 1834; France

Intelligence testing

     :  Alfred Binet ; 1905; France

Neon lamp

     :  George Claude; 1910; France

Pasteurization

     :  Lewis Pasteur; 1867; France

Photography (on metal)

     :  J.N. Niepce; 1826; France

Ship (steam)

     :  IC Perier; 1775; France

Telegraph

     :  M Lammond; 1787; France

Acetylene Gas

     :  Edmund Davy; 1836; England

Tape recorder

     :  Fessenden Poulsen; 1899; Denmark

Clock (Mechanical)

     :  I Hsing & Liang Ling Tsan; 1725; China

atomic numbers

     :  Moseley; 1913; Britain

atomic theory

     :  Dalton; 1803; Britain

bicycle

     :  Kirkpatrick Macmillan; 1839-40; Britain

bicycle tyres (pneumatic)

     :  John Boyd Dunlop ; 1888; Britain

bleaching powder

     :  Tennant; 1798; Britain

calculus

     :   Isaac Newton; 1670; Britain

Celluloid

     :  Alexander Parkes; 1861; Britain

Cement (Portland)

     :  Joseph Aspdin; 1824; Britain

Chronometer

     :  John Harrison; 1735; Britain

CT Scan

     :  Godfrey Hounsfield; 1973; Britain

Disc brakes

     :  Dr. F Lanchester; 1902; Britain

Electromagnet

     :  William Sturgeon; 1824; Britain

Electron

     :  Thomson J; 1897; Britain

Electronic computer

     :  Dr Alan M turning; 1824; Britain

Facsimile machine

     :  Alexander Bain; 1843; Britain

Fibre-optics

     :  Narinder Singh Kapany; 1955; Britain

Glider

     :  Sir George Cayley; 1853; Britain

Holography

     :  Dennis Gabor; 1947; Britain

Jet engine

     :  Sir Frank Whittle; 1937; Britain

Logarithms

     :  John Napier; 1614; Britain

Loom, power

     :  Edmund Cartwright; 1785; Britain

Machine gun

     :  Richard Jordan Gatling; 1718; Britain

Neutron

     :  James Chadwick,; 1932; Britain

Photography (on paper)

     :  W.H. Fox Talbot; 1835; Britain

Rayon

     :  Sir Joseph Swan; 1883; Britain

Rubber (latex foam)

     :  Dunlop Rubber Co.; 1928; Britain

Rubber (Tyres)

     :  Thomas Hancock; 1846; Britain

Rubber (waterproof)

     :  Charles Macintosh; 1823; Britain

Ship (turbine)

     :  Hon Sir C Parson; 1894; Britain

Slide rule

     :  William Oughtred; 1621; Britain

Spinning frame

     :  Sir Richard Arkwright; 1769; Britain

Spinning Jenny

     :  James Hargreaves; 1764; Britain

Spinning Mule

     :  Samuel Crompton; 1779; Britain

Steam Engine

     :  Thomas Savery; 1698; Britain

Steam Engine(Piston)

     :  Thomas Newcomen; 1712; Britain

Steam Engine(Condenser)

     :  James Watt; 1765; Britain

Steel(Stainless)

     :  Harry Brealey; 1913; Britain

Tank

     :  Sir Emest D Swington; 1914; Britain

Television (mechanical)

     :  John Logie Baird; 1926; Britain

Television, colour

     :  John Logie Baird; 1928; Britain

Transformer

     :  Michael Faraday; 1831; Britain

Bakelite

     :  Leo H Baekeland; 1907; Belgium

electric motor (DC)

     :  Zenobe Gramme; 1873; Belgium

DNA, structure

     :  Crick-UK,Watson-US, Wilkins-UK; 1951

Windmill

     :  Persian corn grinding

Dynamo

     :  Michael Faraday; 1832

Pacemaker

     :  Wilson Greatbatch; 1952

 

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