Astronomy (MCQ) (Pages :11)

  • 181 What is the difference between asteroids and comets? I. Asteroids are small rocky planetoids, while comets are formed of frozen gases held together by rocky and metallic material. II. Asteroids are found mostly between the orbits Jupiter and Mars, while comets are found mostly between Venus and Mercury.  III. Comets show a perceptible glowing tail, while asteroids do not. Which of the statements given above is/ are correct?

    (A) I and II Only
    (B) I and III Only
    (C) III Only
    (D) I; II and III
  • 182 What is the direction of rotation of the earth on its axis?

    (A) East to West
    (B) South to North
    (C) North to South
    (D) West to East
  • 183 What is the distance around the earth at the Equator?

    (A) 21000 km
    (B) 16800 km
    (C) 18600 km
    (D) 12500 km
  • 184 What is the distance of the earth from the Sun?

    (A) 107.7 million km
    (B) 142.7 million km
    (C) 146.6 million km
    (D) 149.6 million km
  • 185 What is the distance of the earth from the Sun?

    (A) 107. 7 million km
    (B) 142. 7 million km
    (C) 146. 6 million km
    (D) 149. 6 million km
  • 186 What is the full form of ASLV?

    (A) Augmented Satellite Launch Vehicle
    (B) Automatic Satellite Launch Vehicle
    (C) Aero Space Launch Vehicle
    (D) Area Satellite Launch Vehicle
  • 187 What is the geographical term for land's end, that tip of land which projects into the sea?

    (A) A headland
    (B) A spit
    (C) A peninsula
    (D) A cape
  • 188 What is the most accurate description of the shape of the earth?

    (A) a geoid
    (B) a spherical
    (C) an oblate sphere
    (D) a flat disc
  • 189 What is the name given to the widened rivermouth found at the point a river enters the sea?

    (A) Estuary
    (B) Bay
    (C) Gulf
    (D) Delta
  • 190 What is the name of 'brightest Planet'?

    (A) Venus
    (B) Mercury
    (C) Mars
    (D) Saturn
  • 191 What is the name of the planet which takes 88 days to make one revolution of the Sun?

    (A) Venus
    (B) Mercury
    (C) Pluto
    (D) Neptune
  • 192 What is the position of the moon called when it la farthest from the earth?

    (A) Perigee
    (B) Perihelion
    (C) Aphelion
    (D) Apogee
  • 193 What is the primary cause of seasonal change on the surface of the earth?

    (A) Earth's revolution and inclination of its axis
    (B) Revolution
    (C) Earth's rotation and inclination of its axis
    (D) Rotation
  • 194 What is the primary cause of the day and night?

    (A) Revolution
    (B) Rotation
    (C) Inclination of the earth's axis
    (D) Geoid shape of the earth
  • 195 What is the shape of our galaxy 'Milky Way'?

    (A) spiral
    (B) elliptical
    (C) circular
    (D) spherical
  • 196 What is the Southern Cross?

    (A) Position of the Sun during summer solstice
    (B) Position of the vertical Sun during winter solstice
    (C) A star showing the position of the South Pole
    (D) Point of intersection of Antarctic Circle and the Prime Meridian
  • 197 What is the time difference for every degree of longitude?

    (A) Eight minutes
    (B) Ten minutes
    (C) Four minutes
    (D) Twelve minutes
  • 198 What is the unit of measurement of distance between celestial bodies?

    (A) Light year
    (B) Nautical mile
    (C) Statute mile
    (D) Kilometre
  • 199 What is true about Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)?

    (A) It was developed and operated by indigenously in India
    (B) It was developed in collaboration with Russia.
    (C) It was developed in collaboration with USA.
    (D) It was developed in collaboration with USA & UK.
  • 200 What la the difference between a gulf and a bay?

    (A) A gulf is big and a bay is small
    (B) A gulf is at a rivermouth and a bay is not
    (C) A bay is surrounded by cliffs and a gulf by lowland
    (D) Both are part of the sea that extend considerably into the land; but a bay usually has a wider entrance than a gulf
  • 201 What meridian is the International Date Line?

    (A) The 180◦ meridian
    (B) The 0◦ meridian
    (C) The 90◦ meridian
    (D) The 135◦ meridian
  • 202 What part of the moon's surface can be visible from the earth?

    (A) 1.59
    (B) 1.41
    (C) 0.5
    (D) 1/3rd
  • 203 What portion of the moon is visible from the earth's surface?

    (A) 47%
    (B) 34%
    (C) 21%
    (D) 41%
  • 204 What portion of the moon is visible from the earth's surface?

    (A) 47%
    (B) 34%
    (C) 21%
    (D) 41%
  • 205 What proportion of the mass of the earth does the mass of the Moon equal?

    (A) 1/81
    (B) 1/18
    (C) 1/27
    (D) 1/72
  • 206 What was the Chandrayan I……. .

    (A) An earth observation satellite
    (B) Lunar Probe
    (C) Navigation satellite
    (D) Geo stationary satellite
  • 207 When a year divisible by 4 and not divisible by 400 is called?

    (A) Siderial Year
    (B) Solar Year
    (C) Cosmic Year
    (D) Leap Year
  • 208 When dees the Summer Solstice occur?

    (A) July 23
    (B) June 21
    (C) May 20
    (D) April 31
  • 209 When does the Vernal Equinox occur?

    (A) December 25
    (B) March 21
    (C) February 28
    (D) January 14
  • 210 When is army day observed in India?

    (A) 4 dec.
    (B) 15 jan.
    (C) 28 feb
    (D) 1 dec.

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